The pregnancy hormone or HCG is only found in pregnant women. Home pregnancy tests are used to detect the presence of the hormone HCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) in a woman’s urine.
Types of Pregnancy Test:
There are two main types of pregnancy tests available are drugstores or online. They are:
1. Urine Tests:
Urine tests can be done at the convenience of your home or in a doctor’s clinic. It is usually used by most women about a week after a missed period since they are private, economical and convenient. A urine pregnancy test comes with instructions, which must be followed to ensure accurate results.
2. Blood Tests:
Blood tests can only be done at a doctor’s clinic or a laboratory. These tests can detect pregnancy as compared to a home pregnancy test. However, unlike a urine test the result is not instant and may take up to a couple of days to obtain.
Two types of blood pregnancy tests are available:
1. A qualitative HCG Test:
This test simply checks to see if HCG is present in the blood or not. They mostly reveal results as early as 10 days after a missed period.
2. A quantitative HCG Test ( Beta HCG ):
This test measures the exact amount of HCG in your blood. Since they can measure the concentration of HCG, they may be helpful in tracking any problems like tubal pregnancy during pregnancy.
When can You use a Pregnancy Test:
The best time of day to take the test is first thing in the morning. Read the instructions for your test carefully and follow them exactly. Ensure that the test has not expired, since that may affect the accuracy of its results.
The usage of your pregnancy test all depends on the pregnancy test that you use. Some home pregnancy tests are more sensitive than others. The more sensitive tests may be able to detect low levels of HCG even four days before your period is due or seven days after conception.
If the Results are Faint:
A barely-there line or plus sign may be misleading. However, since false-positives are rare, even a light positive means you are most likely expecting. Wait two or three days and re-test again to see if you get a darker positive.
If the Results are Positive:
This means you are pregnant. Calculate your estimated due date, and then call your gynecologist to schedule your first prenatal appointment. You will also need to carry out a blood test to confirm the exact days of pregnancy.
If the Results are Negative:
Two possibilities can be true in this case. First, is you got a negative result but still don’t get your period when you expect it. Then wait a few days and test again since might be your body wasn’t making enough HCG for the test to detect yet. Second, if you get your period, then you can just be calm and prepare for the next ovulation cycle.